INSIDE and INTERFASOL organized the double symposium “Intergenerational family solidarity & well-being” and “Intergenerational family solidarity in the context of informal and formal care” at the 24th ISSBD conference, in Vilnius http://www.issbd2016.com/en/
Special Issue on “Aging and Migration in Europe” just appeared in GeroPsych – The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry
Europe is experiencing demographic and social challenges unprecedented in its history. Migration flows, though not a new phenomenon, represent one of these challenges. Migration as the movement of social and national groups within as well as into Europe includes several motivations and objectives. Depending on these motivations, migrants are considered as welcome asset or as not-wanted claiming benefits of the national social security systems.
What can we learn from earlier migration waves? Currently, a large number of first-generation immigrants of the big immigration waves of the 1960s and 1970s are approaching retirement age in many European countries. Contrary to earlier expectations, studies have shown that only a part of these aging migrants return to their countries of origin after retirement, whereas a larger part decides to stay permanently in the receiving country or to commute between both countries. Growing old in the context of migration has thus become a hot topic for many societies.
The Meeting took place at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart in Milan. The meeting included the exchange and an upgrade about administrative issues as well as an exchange about ongoing activities, training school and short term scientific mission on the first day. The four working groups met on the second day of the meeting and presented their findings and strategies in a plenary afternoon session. Here, it became evident that all groups made a significant progress: concrete steps to reach the specific goals of each group have in part been realized and future activities for the next six months were arranged. The highlight of the third day was the 1. International Conference on Intergenerational Family Solidarity Across Europe. The conference started with keynote of Professor Federico Perali who gave an excellent comparative overview of the economic factors and dynamics underlying family solidarity in Europe. This was followed by four symposia reflecting on different issues of INTERFASOL (e.g., support exchanges between generations, transmission of values in families, migration and solidarity) as well as a poster session that presented projects of the STSM candidates (see programme).
The follow up meeting will take place in Dublin, 15-16 November 2016.
Professor Willy Lahaye (Université de Mons, Belgium) organizes the training school on INTERFASOL. Here, he gives an overview of the goals and objectives as well as the structure of the training school.
COST Action IS1311 Intergenerational Family Solidarity across Europe
The Cost International Conference was held in Milan at the Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Milan, 26th May 2016. The conference was titled “Perspectives on Intergenerational Family Solidarity. Challenges and opportunities”.
The conference aimed at providing an innovative view in the multidisciplinary research field of intergenerational family solidarity focusing on the different European challenges. Intergenerational family solidarity was presented according to a sociological, psychological, demographical and economical perspective. The contributions presented at the Conference aimed at shedding some light on the new social contract between generations, the challenge of elderhood, the role of the intergenerational value transmission in family solidarity and the resources of migration. The speeches presented specific method/technique to study family solidarity through the presentation of empirical studies and social practices.
There were 31 speakers coming from 11 different European countries (Belgium, Italy, Luxemburg, Denmark, Romania, Switzerland, Ireland, United Kingdom, Portugal, Spain, Croatia, France and Austria).
About 100 participants attended to the Conference.
The conference was composed by a key note speech, four symposiums and a poster session including six presentations.
The Keynote speaker was F. Perali, (University of Verona). He earned a Ph.D. degree at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. He has been principal investigator of several research projects related to the estimation of the cost of children, poverty and inequality, and the intra-household allocation of resources, child labor, the theory of the household enterprise, juvenile crime, the quality of life of people with acquired brain injuries, and the economics of education, and the impact evaluation of welfare programs. Perali offered a lesson titled “Family and Generation Friendly Welfare”. He underlined that the value of time and services contributed by families can be recognized by offering a benefit to be paid, not on the basis of citizenship, but of participation broadly defined as a social contribution. Participation income would have the virtue to make the terms of the family-State reciprocity contract clear and can be seen as a complementary measure of social protection. Participation can be indirect, as in the case of mothers caring for infant children or frail elderly people, or direct, as in the case of voluntary work in the fourth sector. This program may prove effective in reducing child poverty by transferring resources from the old to the young generation and to mothers, and in controlling public expenses for the care of the elderly.
There were four symposia, the first one proposed by the Cost board and the other three were submitted by relators. They were:
1. “New contract between generations” Chair: C. Attias – Donfut (France). Presenters: H. Helve (Finland) – M. T. Letablier (France) – M. Kohli (Italy).
Specific attention had been paid to childless elderly and the low intergenerational support that is available to them; in some cases, low social support in older age has been found to be related to abuse, especially the psychological one. However, as providers of help, childless elderly are an important source through voluntary and charitable work. Women on the other hand are without any doubt particularly engaged in the family intergenerational care who may often experience work restrictions due to their activity of family care-giving. This task might be extremely challenging for these women since it involves not only physical tasks but also an emotional labour
2. “Active elders: a resource for family solidarity across generations?” Chair: C. Regalia (Italy) Presenters: A. Zaidi (UK) – B. Isengard/R. König/M.Szydlik (Switzerland) – D. Bramanti/S.G. Meda/G. Rossi (Italy).
Some conditions of the elderly parents make intergenerational support more relevant. First of all, health problems and parents’ disabilities guaranteed more help provided by adult children. Secondly, elderly parents who are not living as a couple or belong to a four-generation family are keener to receive help from their adult children and strong intergenerational ties are more evident in case of co-residence or spatial proximity especially in case of elder generations’. The symposium highlighted the new family challenges in terms of intergenerational solidarity carried by the population’s aging, considering this process as a family transition. It was emphasized a particular characteristic of the elderly generation, not only as receivers but also as providers of help, because of their support in giving financial help and childminding.
3. “Family values in intergenerational transmission” Chairs: I. Albert and D. Ferring (Luxembourg). Presenters: B. Mayer (Switzerland) – I. Albert/S. Barros Coimbra/D. Ferring (Luxembourg) – D. Barni/F. Danioni/S. Ranieri/R. Rosnati (Italy).
Intergenerational exchanges within the family are not only limited to the support each generation provides to the other, but also include the transmission and the exchange of what it is considered valuable. Value transmission between parents and children is in fact considered the hallmark of successful socialization. It is likely that a successful value transmission, in terms of between generation value similarity, may foster parent-child closeness and make family members keener to provide support and solidarity to the other generations.
Download slides from Boris Mayer (University of Bern) presentation Cultural and Individual Determinants of (Changing) Family Values and Intergenerational Solidarity
4. “Intergenerational Solidarity and Migration” Chair: Trummer U. (Austria). Presenters: D. Balahur/M. P. Munteanu (Romania) – A. L. Blaakilde/C. E. Swane/ E. Algreen-Petersen (Denmark) – T. Corrigan (Ireland) – U. Trummer (Austria).
Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and relatedness, or support exchange and reciprocity, and which may vary inter- and intraculturally. Migrant families undoubtedly face a special situation as values and expectations from the culture of origin and from the host cultural context might differ. Specific research evidence regarding intergenerational relations over the life span (including adolescent-parent, adult child-parent as well as grandchild-grandparent relations) were presented and discussed, also taking into account cross-cultural aspects and intergenerational relations in the context of migration
Prof. Camillo Regalia (Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan), organizer of the 1st INTERFASOL Conference shares his impressions about the conference at Catholic University of the Sacred Hear, Milan, May 26, 2016.
Prof. Dieter Ferring (Luxemburg Univ.) describes benefits of INTERFASOL Short Term Scientific Missions.
COST-INTERFASOL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE Perspectives on Intergenerational Family Solidarity. Challenges and opportunities.
Thursday May, 26th 2016, Room Pio XI, 9.00 am – 6.00 pm Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo Gemelli, 1 – 20123 Milano
The main aim of the action is “to synchronize, integrate and improve European research in the field of intergenerational family solidarity, its benefits in key life domains and the ways in which it can be strengthened across generations”.
9:00 am – Welcome address F. Botturi (Vice Rector, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy). E. Scabini (Professor Emeritus of Social Psychology and President of the Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy). A.M. Fontaine (Chair of the Action, Professor at University of Porto, Department of Psychology, Portugal).
09:30 am/10:45 am Keynote speaker F. Perali (Italy): “Family and Generation Friendly Welfare” Chair: C. Regalia (Italy).
——— Coffee Break 10.45-11.15 ———
11.15/12.45 Symposium 1: “New contract between generations” Chair: C. Attias – Donfut (France). Presenters: H. Helve (Finland) – M. T. Letablier (France) – M. Kohli (Italy).
———— Lunch 12:45 am-2:00 pm ————
Afternoon Session 2:00 pm/ 6.00 pm
Chair: D. Ferring (Luxembourg).
Symposium 2: “Active elders: a resource for family solidarity across generations ?” Chair: C. Regalia (Italy) Presenters: A. Zaidi (UK) – B. Isengard/R. König/M.Szydlik (Switzerland) – D. Bramanti/S.G. Meda/G. Rossi (Italy) – I. Rooyackers/E.M. Merz/H. de Valk (The Nederlands). Symposium 3: “Family values in intergenerational transmission” Chairs: I. Albert and D. Ferring (Luxembourg). Presenters: B. Mayer (Switzerland) – I. Albert/S. Barros Coimbra/D. Ferring (Luxembourg) – D. Barni/F. Danioni/S. Ranieri/R. Rosnati (Italy). Symposium 4: “Intergenerational Solidarity and Migration” Chair: Trummer U. (Austria). Presenters: D. Balahur/M. P. Munteanu (Romania) – A. L. Blaakilde/C. E. Swane/ E. Algreen-Petersen (Denmark) – T. Corrigan (Ireland) – U. Trummer (Austria). 6.00 pm Final Remarks C. Regalia POSTER SESSION The posters will be displayed at 1.00 pm, during the lunch break, and will remain on display for the duration of the entire afternoon session.
REGISTRATION The registration is required, by April 29 indicating the name, last name and home institution.
INFORMATIONS Family Studies and Research University Centre Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Tel. +39 02 7234 2347
Pearl Dykstra has been appointed as one of the seven members of the The High Level Group of Scientific Advisors of the EC Scientific Advice Mechanism.
Vernon Press, a small independent publisher committed to excellence in scholarship, invites chapter proposals for a forthcoming collected volume on ‘Intergenerational Responsibility in the 21st Century’ edited by Julia M. Puaschunder (Harvard University and The New School Department of Economics). The main theme is intergenerational equity – the fairness to provide an at least as favorable standard of living as experienced today – and contemporary trends in intergenerational responsibility in the public and private sectors. We welcome contributions to the study of intergenerational equity from across the social sciences, including behavioral sciences, cultural studies, economics, humanities, science and technology, and international development. Contributions offering novel perspectives on intergenerational leadership, documenting alternative approaches and methods for advanced studies or of direct relevance to contemporary debates and implications for public policy are particularly encouraged.
Organizers: John Drury, Roberto González, Nick Hopkins, Clifford Stevenson and Hanna Zagefka
May 10-11, 2016, Brighton, UK
Solidarity is fundamental in informal social interaction, social organization, social institutions and social change. But while research has shown the importance of forms of solidarity across a range of topics, solidarity itself has rarely been a focus. The aim of this meeting is to discuss and analyse the different usages of ‘solidarity’ in contemporary social psychology and by doing so achieve some conceptual clarification and research agenda-setting.
An expected outcome of the meeting will be the specification of research questions which would serve to delineate the necessary social psychological conditions and elements that are implied when we talk of ‘solidarity’.
For more info see: http://www.easp.eu/themes/meetings.htm