Category Archives: Conferences

The INTERFASOL final conference, 18-20 April 2018, University of Luxembourg

The INTERFASOL final conference which took place at the University of Luxembourg hosted more than 100 participants, including interested researchers and stakeholders from  Luxembourg as well as international guests from 28 countries. An invited symposium on Old-Age and Social Exclusion brought members from UK, Italy, Ireland and Luxembourg of another COST Action (ROSEnet) and INTERFASOL together. A further symposium on Intergenerational Solidarity and Technology was organised at the pre-conference presenting work carried out by the life-span developmental research unit at the University of Luxembourg, meeting the high interest of INTERFASOL members. Further, 4 symposia with 17 presentations of INTERFASOL members were organised and 4 keynote lectures of internationally renowned scholars from different disciplines in the fields of family and cultural research took place. A round table gave also the opportunity for exchange among stakeholders and academics: 7 stakeholders and policy makers (including the Luxembourg Minister of Family and Integration) from Luxembourg took part in this round table on “Family Solidarity, Ageing and Migration”

See also:

Conference program

Slides of presentations

Video of the round table “Family Solidarity, Ageing & Migration

Video of a keynote lecture by Prof. Dr. Howard Litwin (Israel): Intergenerational transfers in Europe: What can we learn from SHARE?,  introduced by Prof. Dr. Claudine Attias-Donfut (France)

Slides from Interfasol Final Conference are available for download

See also: INTERFASOL Conference Program

  • Pearl A. Dykstra (Erasmus University Rotterdam): Cross-national differences in intergenerational family relations: the influence of public policy arrangements
  • Howard Litwin (Israel Gerontological Data Center, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) Intergenerational Transfers in Europe: What can we Learn from SHARE? (Video and slides)
  • Afsaneh Abrilahij & Thomas Boll (University of Luxembourg): Barriers and facilitators for the use of assistive technologies for activities of daily living
  • Giovanni Lamura, Veerle Draulans, Francesco Barbabella, Valentina Hlebec, Rytis Maskeliūnas and Anu Siren: Social Exclusion and Service Use in Older Age: Recent Evidence from the European Context
  • Gražina Rapolienė (Lithuanian Social Research Centre) Lighting the Shadows of Social Life
  • Sandra P. Alves (University of Porto) Development of Family Resilience in Pediatric Palliative Care Settings
  • Katarzyna Lubiewska (University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland): Intergenerational relations between self-construals of independence and interdependence across family solidarity patterns
  • Laura Dryjanska (Biola University): Silver Universe of Intergenerational Solidarity
  • Marjolein Broese van Groenou (VU University Amsterdam): Nurturing intergenerational family solidarity: examples from the Netherlands
  • Daniela Barni, Francesca Danioni: Motivations for Agreement with Parental Values: A Key for Understanding Intergenerational Transmission of Values
  • Hatice Celebi, Nafiye Cigdem Aktekin (Acibadem University): Why do Value Transmission between Generations on the Concept of Intergenerational Solidarity Matter for School Education?
  • Lj. Kaliterna Lipovčan, A. Brajša-Žganec, Z. Prizmić Larsen, R. Franc and I. Sučić: Positive and negative life events and well-being across age groups
  • Ursula Trummer (University of Vienna) Intergenerational Solidarity among migrants living in socio-economic deprivation
  • Arseniy Svynarenko (Finnish Youth Research Society): Urban Encounters with Strangers – the ICT and Young People’s Experiences of Adult Social Control in Public Places in Helsinki
  • Martina Brandt, Christian (TU Dortmund): Inequality and intergenerational support in Europe
  • Bethan Winter, Vanessa Burholt (Swansea University): The influence of Time and Context on Social Exclusion from Social Relations in Rural Areas of Wales
  • Catherine Coppée (UMONS): Towards a Modelling of the Practices of Intergenerational Family Solidarities in Contexts of Single Parenting: the Benefits of a STSM at Cnav in Paris
  • Joyce Aguiar, Marisa Matias, Anne Marie Fontaine (University of Porto),  Life satisfaction in unemployed couples: the role of family cohesion and gender effects
  • Anabela Campinho, GraçaSilva & Raquel Barbosa (University of Porto),  “Give and receive”: the impact of an intergenerational program on institutionalized children and old adults.
  • Beate Schwarz, Belinda Berweger, & Jonathan Bennett, BEGIN – Enhancing social integration of immigrants with an intergenerational mentoring program
  • More coming soon
Download slides in pdf: Cross-national differences in intergenerational family relations: the influence of public policy arrangements

Abstract: Focusing mostly on Europe, I will talk about how the research on cross-national differences in intergenerational family relations has moved from basic descriptions to a focus on understanding how support exchanges are shaped by macro-level processes. A key issue concerns generational interdependence, the extent to which public policy arrangements impose reliance on older and younger family members or enable individual autonomy. Real theoretical progress is visible in three areas of research. The first pertains to analyses at the micro level of how family members actually respond to the incentives that different macro contexts provide. The generosity or restrictedness of public provisions variably releases or necessitates normative obligations in interdependent family relationships. The second area of progress involves analyses of the implications of specific policies rather than policy packages for gender and socioeconomic inequality. The third area of progress is a more nuanced view on the familialism-individualism divide. These three areas provide inspiring examples for future investigations.

Download slides in pdf: Barriers and facilitators for the use of assistive technologies for activities of daily living

Abstract: Many older people have functional impairments which increase their risk of losing the ability to live autonomously and to become dependent on care by others. However, assistive technologies (ATs) can help to overcome some limitations of activities of daily living and can thus be assumed to prevent, delay or reduce the need for personal long-term care as well as the burden on caring family members (e.g., spouses, adult children). Yet, the use rate of ATs is still rather low. This paper reviews positive effects of ATs and factors that influence their use. We performed systematic literature searches in PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and Google scholar databases. We found convergent results that the use of ATs for several kinds of activities of daily living such as self-care and mobility was associated with a reduced amount of self-reported personal (in particular informal) care hours. Regarding factors of ATs use, we found that feeling loneliness, cognitive impairments, and difficulty of use were some of barriers for the use of ATs. There is converging evidence that indicators of situation of need (in particular: disabilities in preforming self-care activities) are associated with an increased use of ATs. Slight to moderate functional limitations, chronic illnesses, and home-based training were some of the facilitators for the use of ATs. We concluded with recommendations for further improvement of studies relevant to ATs use.

  Download slides in pdf: Social Exclusion and Service Use in Older Age

Abstract: This presentation will provide an overview of recent trends observed in Europe with regard to service use in older age, paying attention to their implications in terms of social exclusion. Data will come from different secondary sources analysed through a literature review carried out within the EU-funded COST Action ROSEnet. As highlighted by available findings, the lack of or a difficult access to services of different kinds – such as for instance transportation, care or banking services – contribute to social exclusion in older age, especially in rural contexts and among the digitally unskilled. Challenges in three critical policy areas will be particularly illustrated: care services, transportation and ICTs. As for the first, findings show that material deprivation might be prevented by public investments in social protection and healthcare; but also that inadequate training of health professionals makes it more difficult for vulnerable groups to use services. With regard to transportation, lack of transports might exclude older adults from employment, shopping, cultural & religious activities. When this is the case, driving cessation implies a significant decrease in social integration and connectedness, so spatial planning should become a key component of policy measures in this area. Finally, ICT-based tools might represent promising means to improve access to different services. To this purpose, however, digital literacy represents a crucial factor, and efforts are needed to improve it, especially among the least educated groups, as this would contribute also to make the use of ICT easier to improve safety and socialization in later life.

Download slides in pdf: Lighting the Shadows of Social Life

Abstract:  One of key insights brought from Interfasol Training School in Keele (2015) was the lesson that negative results of a research might be of striking importance: an absent intergenerational conflict was presented as outcome of an qualitative research by T.Scharf. Now, 3 years later, I find myself taking part in two research projects related to family and exploring the absent – in projects on childlessness and single living older people:

  • „Childlessness in Lithuania: sociocultural changes and individual experiences in modern society“ (contract No. S-MOD-17-3),
  • „Older people living alone: trends, profiles and challenges to intergenerational integration“ (contract No. GER-001/2017).

How the absence is legitimated and made meaningful? As noted in “sociology of nothing” (Scott, 2018), in both cases here is entered the zone of ambivalence floating in various aspects between freedom of choice and loneliness, independence and belonging, childfreeness and childlessness.

But what is common in both research cases before interpretations – the difficulties to gather data. In both projects we perform qualitative studies. In the project of single living elderly a group of researchers collected 27 interviews – and got 19 rejections. In the case of childlessness is even more difficult: rejections start from the environment of potential informants. Friends of childless women hesitate to ask them about possibility of such interview motivating sensitivity of the topic or that they never discussed the issue (being 50-70 years old). After 3 rejections I succeeded to collect 5 interviews. One of them was rejected for further use in a week after the interview.

It is clear that researchers try to violate margins of privacy investigating aspects of informants lives very likely covered even from themselves. While reflecting the role of researcher, questions of ethics (possible harm to informants), methodology (how to get voices of most excluded elderly) and quality of research (what part of social exclusion or of childlessness experiences we investigate involving only those keen to participate) rise, which could be discussed in the symposium of former trainees.

  Download slides in pdf: Development of Family Resilience in Paediatric Palliative Care Settings

Abstract: Illnesses that threaten and / or limit the child’s life have a profound individual and systemic impact, so that emotional, physical, financial, spiritual and social constraints can occur among children and family members (Steele & Davies, 2006). The personal growth associated with the experience of caring for the sick child and the development of the family as a whole have been pointed out as a result of the experience of these situations (Steele & Davies, 2006). Likewise, indicators has been reported to corroborate that a considerable majority of children, even after facing severe or chronic adversity, demonstrates some resilience processes (Masten, 2014). It also seems important to understand whether the resilience of the sick child will be in any way related and / or dependent on the resilience of the remaining subsystems of the family. As familiar and contextual variables, family cohesion, effective family communication, and the maintenance of trusting and positive relationships among family members contribute significantly to a greater capacity to deal with challenging situations (Giallo & Gavidia-Payne, 2006; Rosenberg et al., 2013). Intergenerational family solidarity may contribute to the strengthening of protective factors. So, this study includes measures to evaluate this dimension, specifically the Portuguese version of Monteiro (2010) Intergenerational Solidarity Scale (Bengtson & Roberts, 1991). Thus, with our study, we intend to: identify and analyze the relationship between risk and protection factors and their contribution to the positive adaptation to the experience experienced by the family of children with complex chronic disease; to evaluate the mechanisms and psychological processes implemented by family elements that are precursors of family resilience; to test the impact and efficiency of interventions on indicators of family resilience and their variations according to family characteristics and intervention; and, to answer the gaps found in terms of psychological intervention in paediatric palliative context, expecting to develop an intervention model with an emphasis on family resilience that may contribute to the increase of public policies related to the promotion of welfare. The research plan includes four distinct studies: the first, with an exploratory nature, the second and third with a confirmatory nature, and the fourth with the purpose of evaluating the quality of interventions from the participants’ point of view. The training school in which I participated in Keele was important for the purposeful construction of this project as it allowed me to deepen knowledge in this area, but also to realize how important intergenerational family solidarity can be to guarantee the family’s quality of life.

Download slides in pdf: Silver Universe of Intergenerational Solidarity

Abstract: This is a presentation of a multi-disciplinary volume authored by some members of the INTERFASOL and other scholars and key stakeholders, entitled Silver Universe: Views on Active Living, to be published by the Lexington Books. Why ‘silver universe’? Speaking about aging may seem somewhat negative, but more importantly, it can be insufficient for our purposes, as we are attempting at an exploration of diverse spheres of life. The multidisciplinary approach that we are promoting truly speaks into the universe of meanings, not an isolated human being or problem, but the complex context that surrounds every single one of us. As years go by, at some point our universe becomes silver, just as our hair turns gray. While for years we had heard discussions of active aging, the latest trend is to emphasize that we should promote active and healthy attitude throughout the lifespan. We believe that active living is not only about exercise, but even more so about a healthy diet and prevention. The hope is that every human being flourishes, feeling fulfilled in terms of growth in his or her personal maturity, relationships, professional standing, artistic stimulation, and spiritual capacity. This volume reflects the multi-disciplinary and multicultural diversity of contributions. Intergenerational solidarity constitutes a common thread that nineteen authors from five different countries discuss from the point of view of their respective disciplines. From psychology (both clinical and social), through neurology, neuro-genetics, gerontology, nutrition, through sociology, economics, communication, law, tourism and education to theology, we offer complimentary views as a fruit of INTERFASOL, the COST Action that has allowed us to establish these synergies.

Download slides in pdf: Motivations for Agreement with Parental Values: A Key for Understanding Intergenerational Transmission of Values

Abstract: The bulk of studies on intergenerational transmission of values focused on what values parents want to transmit to their children and on the extent to which parents and children are similar in their value priorities. On the contrary, little is known about why children accept their parents’ values. Do children accept their parents’ values under external or internal pressures (i.e., controlled motivations) or because they consider these values as inherently worthy (i.e., autonomous motivations)? Do these motivations affect intergenerational relationships and value transmission?

This study aims at answering these questions across two generations. We examined adolescents’ motivations for agreement with their parents’ values as well as their parents’ motivations for agreement with their own old parents. Moreover, we analyzed the relations between parents’ motivations to agree with their old parents, the values they would like to transmit to their adolescent children, parent-child relationship quality, and the degree of parent-child value congruence. Participants were 325 families (adolescent and both her/his parents, for a total of 975 subjects) living in the North of Italy. Adolescents (girls: 60%) were high-school students aged from 14 to 18 years (M=15.19, SD=1.17). Mean ages of fathers and mothers were 48.29 (SD=5.56) and 44.98 (SD=4.66), respectively. Participants filled out a self-report questionnaire including the Motivations for Agreement with Parental Values Scale (Knafo & Assor, 2007), the Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz, 2003), and the Parental Self-Efficacy Scale (Caprara et al., 2001). Data analysis is still in progress and results will be discussed in relation to intergenerational transmission processes.

Download slides in pdf:  Why do Value Transmission Between Generations on the Concept of Intergenerational Solidarity Matter for School Education?

Abstract: Intergenerational Value Transmission (IVT) is a reciprocal rather than a linear process, in which all the involved negotiate values to discard or maintain. When the definition of value is taken as “an enduring belief that a specific mode of conduct or end state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end state of existence” (Rokeach, 1973), what beliefs endure and how become critical questions especially in rapidly changing societies where the process is less continuous and diffuse. Turkey has presented a case for rapid social change over last few decades. In this presentation, we focus on value transmission concerning education between the generations since education and schooling have acquired new and conflicting meanings for different generations. With our nationally funded project (TUBITAK, Project 116K245), we aim to explore whether there is a theoretical relationship between the three latent variables: intergenerational solidarity, the degree of metacognitive awareness of the transference of positive values regarding intergenerational solidarity, and the nature (positive or negative) of attitudes towards education. In the study, 900 students from 7 schools in different parts of Istanbul, 75 2nd and 3rd generation family members, and 30 teachers are targeted to collect data from. In this symposium, we present our study design and preliminary findings in relation to the literature from Turkey.  

 

Download slides in pdf: Positive and negative life events and well-being across age groups

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to explore age differences in the frequency of positive and negative events, and its associations with well-being.

Data were collected from the first wave of a longitudinal research project on well-being and life events in Croatia (CRO-WELL project). The sample of adult Internet users was divided in three age groups: younger (N=2115, age 18-30 years), middle-aged (N=2517, age 31-54 years) and older (N=387, age 55-85 years) adults. Participants self-reported Life satisfaction, Scale of Positive and Negative Experience, and the frequency of 8 positive and 7 negative events occurring during the previous year.

Younger adults reported more positive events than the other two groups, while no differences were found in the frequency of negative events. More positive and less negative events were significant predictors of better life satisfaction for younger and middle-aged, but not for older adults. More positive and less negative events were predictors of higher positive affect among all three age groups. Less positive and more negative events were predictors of higher negative affect for younger and middle-aged, but for older adults only negative events were associated with higher negative affect. These associations remained after controlling for gender, marital status, income, and education level in analyses.

Age effects on covariations between life events and cognitive and affective well-being are explained within socioemotional selectivity theory and older people’s better regulation of their emotional experience.

Download slides in pdf: Urban Encounters with Strangers – the ICT and Young People’s Experiences of Adult Social Control in Public Places in Helsinki

Abstract: In this presentation I analyze intergenerational encounters and adult social control in public places in Helsinki. I draw on existing work suggesting that complexities of new communication technologies, mobility, and changing social roles are prerequisites for understanding young people’s contemporary everyday life in the city. In my research, I ask, how do young people take part in and negotiate Helsinki’s urban social order in an era which can be referenced as the media city, characterized by digitalization and mediatization? I discuss these features from the point of view of social control which i understand as an interactional force and strategy to produce social and moral order. Furthermore, social control is seen not only in its negative sense of restrictions and sanctions, but also in positive sense of enabling and negotiating social order. Social control as thoroughly interwoven and negotiated in intergenerational encounters, having both formal and informal features and involving technological mediation. I use the example of the Helsinki metro which is a highly technologized system with concentration of mechanical and digital machines in the closed space of stations and train cars. Hence, unlike in busses and trams, some omnipresent tensions and emotions concerning social control become more evident in metro. Many young people experience their presence in the metro as challenged by adults: they tell about experiences of harassment and their strategies for negotiating the order. They use portable devices (smartphones, headphones) not only for entertainment and communication, but also for protection, securing privacy, claiming and protecting their own space. Intergenerational interactions are characterized by young people’s expectations for safety on one hand, and confusion concerning their position, on the other: older generations demand that they be like adults, yet treat them like children without rights.

Download slides in pdf: Inequality and intergenerational support in Europe

Abstract: In times of rapid demographic change and population ageing, rising inequalities in healthy ageing and support for frail older people are of major societal concern and put families as well as states under pressure. This talk will focus on contextual influences on (inequalities in) support from a European perspective in order to find out if and how such developments can be modified by social policies. It will consider the links between informal (family) support and formal (state) support, gender inequalities in support within different care regimes, and the relation between transfers in a three-generational setting and social inequality on the individual and regional level based on the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe.

Download slides in pdf: Towards a Modelling of the Practices of Intergenerational Family Solidarities in Contexts of Single Parenting the Benefits of a STSM at Cnav in Paris

Abstract: Today, in Belgium, the status of single-parent families is the most important alongside nuclear families. More than 20% of all households with children are single-parent families. At the same time, a reflection of a new sharing of responsibilities and resources in dealing with the needs of individuals is emerging at the political level. Indeed, the worsening of economic difficulties has imposed the idea of ​​a “natural” complementarity between solidarities developed by the public sphere and family solidarities. Thus, given the lack of explanation of the functioning of single-parent families and the development of family solidarity practices, we try to understand this phenomenon through this thesis work. The principal objective of the research is therefore to analyze family solidarity practices implemented within single-parent families. The study focuses on the role of the family network in the functioning of models taking into account the intergenerational dimension. The qualitative approach is based on the grounded theory to produce a theory from the empirical material. Indeed, anchoring consists in referring to what the actors live and reproducing faithfully. We collect data through the use of single parent interview. The sampling does not focus on a population composed of individuals. We start from our questions and sample the phenomenon under study. Through the collection, it is the theoretical conceptualization that is sampled. It is a question of discovering all the characteristics of the phenomenon under study as well as all the articulations attested in order to propose an integrated schematization. This analysis shows that single-parent families develop different ways of working according to several factors: history, context, origin, socio-economic level, and so on. More specifically, the single-parent goes through phases (isolation, adaptation, reconstruction) that evolve in different ways depending on the type of solidarity developed. Thus, the single-parent stays on a continuum from the process of solidarity to a separation and, in a manner that evolves according to the phases through which it passes.

Within the framework of the COST project, I had the opportunity to realize a scientific mission in the Research Unit on Aging (URV) of Cnav in Paris (France) for one week in March 2016. Jim OGG, person in charge of the unit welcomed me. This scientific mission allowed me to discuss the concepts of “solidarity”, “family”, “intergenerational” in order to adopt my own definitions and clarify the theoretical framework of the thesis. In addition, I benefited from the expertise of Mr. Ogg and his team, using a quantitative approach to broaden my questions and scientific reflections.

Download slides in pdf:

Abstract:

INTERFASOL Final Conference, 18-20 April 2018. Programme.

INTERFASOL Final Conference

Event date: Wednesday April 18 2018 10:00 – Friday, 20 April 2018, 14:45
Place: University of Luxembourg, Belval Campus, Maison du Savoir, MSA 3.520
2, avenue de l’Université
4365 Esch-sur-Alzette

From April 19th to 20th 2018, the final conference of the EU funded research network INTERFASOL (ISCH COST Action IS1311) will take place at the University of Luxembourg (Campus Belval).This conference offers a platform for exchange and discussion on intergenerational solidarity in Europe from different perspectives. It will bring together international researchers on family relationships and intergenerational solidarity from various disciplines who will present their work in four symposia:

  • Intergenerational Family Solidarity, Well-Being & Health
  • Nurturing Intergenerational Solidarity & Intergenerational Projects
  • Intergenerational Family Solidarity and Migration
  • Intergenerational Value Transmission & Societal Change

Continue reading INTERFASOL Final Conference, 18-20 April 2018. Programme.

Call for Papers: Poverty and the Family

Call for Papers

http://www.workshop-poverty-philosophy.org/

The Centre for Ethics and Poverty Research (CEPR) of the University of Salzburg is happy to announce the call for papers for its 2018 Salzburg Workshop in Philosophy and Poverty. In 2018, the workshop will be held at the University of Salzburg on 17 & 18 May 2018 and focus on the topic of “Poverty and the Family”.

The invited speaker for this workshop is Jonathan Wolff (Oxford), who will give a talk on “Poverty, Social Expectations, and the Family”.

Continue reading Call for Papers: Poverty and the Family

COST INTERFASOL participates in a COST Action symposium ‘Social gerontology without borders? New perspectives from international research’

Prof.Dr. Marjolein Broese van Groenou and COST INTERFASOL participates in a COST Action symposium ‘Social gerontology without borders? New perspectives from international research’ at the 21st IAGG World Gerontology and Geriatrics conference in San Francisco, 23-27 July 2017. This symposium hosts presenters from four COST Actions on ageing.

(1) Integenerational Family Solidarity across Europe (INTERFASOL), involving researchers from 28 nations, responds to societies’ need to develop mechanisms, programmes and policies that foster and nurture solidarity between the generations.

(2) Reflecting evidence concerning the negative consequences of ageism at individual, familial, and societal levels, the Ageism COST Action engages collaborators from 34 nations in drawing on scientific knowledge to challenge the practice of ageism.

(3) Gender and health impacts of policies extending working life in western countries (GENDEREWL) connects researchers from 32 nations in efforts to advance knowledge about the gendered impacts of extended working life on the health and economic well-being of older workers.

(4) Responding to growing risks of social exclusion in later life, Reducing Old-Age Social Exclusion: Collaborations in Research and Policy (ROSEnet) engages researchers and policy-makers from 32 nations in deepening understandings of the complex nature of old-age exclusion.

Image: IAGG2017 twitter https://twitter.com/IAGG2017

(Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities

13th ESA Conference, Athens,  29.08.2017 – 01.09.2017
RN13 – Sociology of Families and Intimate Lives

Coordinator: Isabella Crespi, University of Macerata, Italy isabella.crespi(at)unimc.it

Our RN invites submissions of papers on current new findings in family research as well as current new theoretical and methodological approaches to explore families and inti-mate lives. Taking up the conference theme, scholars are especially invited to explore whether and how their family studies relate to aspects of making or unmaking Europe or the causes or consequences related to such processes (e.g. formation of transnational couples, poverty of families, family ties as instruments for compensating social depriva-ion or cutbacks in social benefits, changes in fertility behaviour, re-traditionalisation of gender roles etc.). However, linkage to the main conference theme is not a precondition for submissions. RN13 requires all authors to submit two abstracts: You are asked to submit the standard abstract of 250 words and in addition you are also asked to upload a longer, extended version, that is a second abstract of 500 words. Please outline within your abstract (as appropriate) the research question, theoretical approach, data, methodology, research findings, and interpretation. Please indicate in the beginning of the abstract (like this: “[theme RN13_XX]”) which of the following session themes your submission relates to best.
Continue reading (Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities

The 1st INTERFASOL Conference in Milan. A short report and a video in which Prof. Camillo Regalia shares his impressions about conference

COST Action IS1311 Intergenerational Family Solidarity across Europe

Milan Conference

The Cost International Conference was held in Milan at the Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Milan, 26th May 2016. The conference was titled “Perspectives on Intergenerational Family Solidarity. Challenges and opportunities”.

The conference aimed at providing an innovative view in the multidisciplinary research field of intergenerational family solidarity focusing on the different European challenges. Intergenerational family solidarity was presented according to a sociological, psychological, demographical and economical perspective. The contributions presented at the Conference aimed at shedding some light on  the  new social contract between generations, the challenge of elderhood, the role of the intergenerational value transmission in family solidarity and the resources of migration.  The speeches presented specific method/technique to study family solidarity through the presentation of empirical studies and social practices.

There were 31 speakers coming from 11 different European countries (Belgium, Italy, Luxemburg, Denmark, Romania, Switzerland, Ireland, United Kingdom, Portugal, Spain, Croatia, France and Austria).

 About 100 participants attended to the Conference.

The conference was composed by a key note speech, four symposiums and a poster session including six presentations.

The Keynote speaker was F. Perali, (University of Verona).  He earned a Ph.D. degree at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. He has been principal investigator of several research projects related to the estimation of the cost of children, poverty and inequality, and the intra-household allocation of resources, child labor, the theory of the household enterprise, juvenile crime, the quality of life of people with acquired brain injuries, and the economics of education, and the impact evaluation of welfare programs. Perali offered a lesson titled “Family and Generation Friendly Welfare”. He underlined that the value of time and services contributed by families can be recognized by offering a benefit to be paid, not on the basis of citizenship, but of participation broadly defined as a social contribution. Participation income would have the virtue to make the terms of the family-State reciprocity contract clear and can be seen as a complementary measure of social protection. Participation can be indirect, as in the case of mothers caring for infant children or frail elderly people, or direct, as in the case of voluntary work in the fourth sector. This program may prove effective in reducing child poverty by transferring resources from the old to the young generation and to mothers, and in controlling public expenses for the care of the elderly.

There were four symposia, the first one proposed by the Cost board and the other three were submitted by relators. They were:

1. “New contract between generations” Chair: C. Attias – Donfut (France). Presenters: H. Helve (Finland) – M. T. Letablier (France) – M. Kohli (Italy).

Specific attention had been paid to childless elderly and the low intergenerational support that is available to them; in some cases, low social support in older age has been found to be related to abuse, especially the psychological one. However, as providers of help, childless elderly are an important source through voluntary and charitable work. Women on the other hand are without any doubt particularly engaged in the family intergenerational care who may often experience work restrictions due to their activity of family care-giving. This task might be extremely challenging for these women since it involves not only physical tasks but also an emotional labour

2. “Active elders: a resource for family solidarity across generations?” Chair: C. Regalia (Italy) Presenters: A. Zaidi (UK) – B. Isengard/R. König/M.Szydlik (Switzerland) – D. Bramanti/S.G. Meda/G. Rossi (Italy).

Some conditions of the elderly parents make intergenerational support more relevant. First of all, health problems and parents’ disabilities guaranteed more help provided by adult children. Secondly, elderly parents who are not living as a couple or belong to a four-generation family are keener to receive help from their adult children and strong intergenerational ties are more evident in case of co-residence or spatial proximity especially in case of elder generations’. The symposium highlighted the new family challenges in terms of intergenerational solidarity carried by the population’s aging, considering this process as a family transition. It was emphasized a particular characteristic of the elderly generation, not only as receivers but also as providers of help, because of their support in giving financial help and childminding.

3. “Family values in intergenerational transmission” Chairs: I. Albert and D. Ferring (Luxembourg). Presenters: B. Mayer (Switzerland) – I. Albert/S. Barros Coimbra/D. Ferring (Luxembourg) – D. Barni/F. Danioni/S. Ranieri/R. Rosnati (Italy).

Intergenerational exchanges within the family are not only limited to the support each generation provides to the other, but also include the transmission and the exchange of what it is considered valuable. Value transmission between parents and children is in fact considered the hallmark of successful socialization. It is likely that a successful value transmission, in terms of between generation value similarity, may foster parent-child closeness and make family members keener to provide support and solidarity to the other generations.
Download slides from Boris Mayer (University of Bern) presentation Cultural and Individual Determinants of (Changing) Family Values and Intergenerational Solidarity

4. “Intergenerational Solidarity and Migration” Chair: Trummer U. (Austria). Presenters: D. Balahur/M. P. Munteanu (Romania) – A. L. Blaakilde/C. E. Swane/ E. Algreen-Petersen (Denmark) – T. Corrigan (Ireland) – U. Trummer (Austria).

Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and relatedness, or support exchange and reciprocity, and which may vary inter- and intraculturally. Migrant families undoubtedly face a special situation as values and expectations from the culture of origin and from the host cultural context might differ.  Specific research evidence regarding intergenerational relations over the life span (including adolescent-parent, adult child-parent as well as grandchild-grandparent relations) were presented and discussed, also taking into account cross-cultural aspects and intergenerational relations in the context of migration

Prof. Camillo Regalia (Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan), organizer of the 1st INTERFASOL Conference shares his impressions about the conference at Catholic University of the Sacred Hear, Milan, May 26, 2016.

INTERFASOL First International Conference: program

 COST-INTERFASOL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE Perspectives on Intergenerational Family Solidarity. Challenges and opportunities.
Thursday May, 26th 2016,  Room Pio XI, 9.00 am – 6.00 pm Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo Gemelli, 1 – 20123 Milano

The main aim of the action is “to synchronize, integrate and improve European research in the field of intergenerational family solidarity, its benefits in key life domains and the ways in which it can be strengthened across generations”.

Morning Session

9:00 am Welcome address F. Botturi (Vice Rector, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy). E. Scabini (Professor Emeritus of Social Psychology and President of the Family Studies and Research University Centre, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy). A.M. Fontaine (Chair of the Action, Professor at University of Porto, Department of Psychology, Portugal).

09:30 am/10:45 am Keynote speaker F. Perali (Italy): “Family and Generation Friendly Welfare” Chair: C. Regalia (Italy).

——— Coffee Break 10.45-11.15 ———

11.15/12.45 Symposium 1: “New contract between generations” Chair: C. Attias – Donfut (France). Presenters: H. Helve (Finland) – M. T. Letablier (France) – M. Kohli (Italy).

———— Lunch 12:45 am-2:00 pm ————

Afternoon Session 2:00 pm/ 6.00 pm

Chair: D. Ferring (Luxembourg).

Symposium 2: “Active elders: a resource for family solidarity across generations ?” Chair: C. Regalia (Italy) Presenters: A. Zaidi (UK) – B. Isengard/R. König/M.Szydlik (Switzerland) – D. Bramanti/S.G. Meda/G. Rossi (Italy) I. Rooyackers/E.M. Merz/H. de Valk (The Nederlands). Symposium 3: “Family values in intergenerational transmission” Chairs: I. Albert and D. Ferring (Luxembourg). Presenters: B. Mayer (Switzerland) – I. Albert/S. Barros Coimbra/D. Ferring (Luxembourg) – D. Barni/F. Danioni/S. Ranieri/R. Rosnati (Italy). Symposium 4: “Intergenerational Solidarity and Migration” Chair: Trummer U. (Austria). Presenters: D. Balahur/M. P. Munteanu (Romania) A. L. Blaakilde/C. E. Swane/ E. Algreen-Petersen (Denmark) – T. Corrigan (Ireland) – U. Trummer (Austria). 6.00 pm Final Remarks C. Regalia POSTER SESSION The posters will be displayed at 1.00 pm, during the lunch break, and will remain on display for the duration of the entire afternoon session.

REGISTRATION The registration is required, by April 29 indicating the name, last name and home institution. 

INFORMATIONS Family Studies and Research University Centre Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Tel. +39 02 7234 2347 

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